Understanding Cybersecurity Posture Management for Cloud Environments

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Written By Emily Collier

Emily Collier is a seasoned writer and technology enthusiast with a strong focus on data security. Her passion lies in exploring the implications and strategies for managing data security posture in the context of remote work.


As the use of cloud technologies continues to expand, so does the complexity of securing them. The traditional approach of perimeter security and firewalls is no longer enough to protect organizations from cyber attacks. Instead, organizations need to implement a comprehensive cybersecurity posture management strategy for cloud environments. This article will guide you through the fundamental elements of cybersecurity posture management, explore the importance of securing cloud-based systems, and highlight various tools and techniques used to optimize security posture in these environments.

Importance of Cybersecurity Posture Management for Cloud Environments

With the increasing use of cloud technology, the risk of cloud data breaches due to customer mismanagement, configuration errors, and internal threats is on the rise. Cybersecurity posture management for cloud environments ensures that an organization’s assets and infrastructure security have the proper controls, policies, and procedures in place to prevent and detect security breaches. This continuous improvement process helps protect against cyber attacks, data breaches, and regulatory requirements, building trust with customers by ensuring their sensitive information is secure.

The following list details some of the fundamental reasons why cybersecurity posture management is critical to cloud environments:

  • A clear definition of responsibility
  • Proper configuration of cloud technologies
  • Employee education and training programs
  • Cloud governance to enforce enterprise policies
  • Use of cloud security tools
  • Continuous improvement of cybersecurity posture
  • Identification of data locations and flows
  • Automation of cybersecurity controls
  • The use of secure coding standards

By monitoring and assessing compliance policies, organizations can identify policy violations and fine-tune their security posture, adjusting to changing threats and vulnerabilities. It is vital to understand the risk inherent to cloud environments, particularly considering the multi-cloud environments and the implementation of infrastructure as code (IAC), serverless functions, container environments, and OT systems.

To provide a clear focus on security posture assessment, organizations should identify their attack surface and map their network model. This exercise is fundamental to understand the impact of cyber threats and identify the attack vectors that need proactive protection. Centralized visibility of attacks, security events, and monitoring and assessing risks are crucial to prevent and detect threats.

By investing in cybersecurity posture management, organizations can streamline their security operations center (SOC), reduce the cybersecurity skills gap, and leverage sophisticated automation. With remediation and guided proactive threat detection, data breaches can be mitigated, and business resilience can be improved.

In the next sections, we will discuss the tools and techniques used to improve cybersecurity posture management in cloud environments.##Tools and Techniques for Improving Security Posture

Several tools and techniques help organizations improve their security posture. Here are a few that stand out:

  • Data Security Posture Management (DSPM) platforms: These tools (such as Polar Security’s DSPM platform) automatically discover, classify, and protect data to optimize CSPM.
  • Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM): CSPM automates identification and remediation of risks across cloud infrastructures, necessary due to the dynamic nature of cloud computing and the difficulty of securing cloud-based systems. CSPM solutions like Falcon Security and Skybox Cloud Edition offer compliance monitoring and incident response capabilities, along with DevOps integration.
  • Security Posture Management Platforms: Skybox and Falcon Security provide Security Posture Management Platforms that offer attack surface visualization, analysis, network modeling, path analysis, attack simulation, risk scoring, vulnerability prioritization, and compliance monitoring.
  • Cloud Access Security Brokers (CASBs): These security software tools provide visibility into sanctioned and unsanctioned cloud apps. They enable organizations to detect, manage risk from, and enforce security policies across multiple cloud resources from a single management console.
  • Automated Compliance Monitoring: Automated compliance monitoring ensures that a company’s security posture adheres to compliance regulations. Skybox and Falcon provide automated compliance monitoring tools that identify and inform security teams when devices and applications are noncompliant.
  • Vulnerability Management and Vulnerability Scanners: Vulnerability scanners identify and classify risks and vulnerabilities, enabling organizations to take a proactive approach to cybersecurity posture management. Qualys and Nessus are among the leading vulnerability scanners.
  • Infrastructure as Code (IaC) Configuration Management Tools: Infrastructure as code (IaC) configuration management tools like HashiCorp Terraform and Chef Automate provide visibility into configuration databases, allowing organizations to track their resources such as servers, containers, and network infrastructure. They ensure that all devices and networks are compliant with established security guidelines.

By continuously monitoring their attack surface and setting security posture goals, organizations can define and actively manage the risk ownership org chart. Automating security posture management processes can save organizations money and identify important opportunities for training.

Cloud Security Posture Management (CSPM)

CSPM provides discovery and visibility into an organization’s public cloud infrastructure, enabling organizations to identify unused assets that could be potential attack vectors and to manage infrastructure entitlements. By monitoring risks in real-time, CSPM automates identification and remediation of risks that pose the most significant threat to the organization.

With cloud-native solutions, organizations can leverage cloud providers’ artificial intelligence capabilities and strengthen their cybersecurity posture by detecting, analyzing, and correlating security events across their cloud infrastructure. With multi-cloud CSPM solutions, organizations can drive compliance, improve governance, and optimize the use of cloud resources across multiple cloud platforms (IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS).

CSPM solutions like Skybox Cloud for AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud offer continuous monitoring and management of infrastructure assets, providing exposure-based vulnerability prioritization and automated DevSecOps integration to improve overall cybersecurity readiness. Skybox Cloud can map the attack surface across multiple cloud providers, monitor configuration and compliance, and provide risk visualization. With automated, exposure-based vulnerability prioritization and automated cloud infrastructure entitlement management (CIEM), organizations can take appropriate measures to identify and remediate risks.

By integrating CSPM with asset management systems, organizations can continuously discover and inventory cloud assets, providing a complete IT asset inventory. With a centralized view of their cloud infrastructure, security teams can more effectively detect and prevent security breaches.


Cybersecurity posture management is critical in securing cloud-based systems and protecting against cybersecurity threats, data breaches, and regulatory requirements. With the tools and techniques mentioned, organizations can set security posture goals, identify, and remediate risks, and continuously improve their cybersecurity posture.

By implementing an automated cybersecurity posture management program and integrating tools like CSPM, vulnerability management, and DevSecOps, organizations can detect and remediate security breaches quickly. Additionally, employee training programs, seminars, and e-books on cybersecurity can help address the cybersecurity skills gap and prevent the human error factor.

Gartner estimates that companies can reduce enterprise spending by 30% on cybersecurity controls and professional services by simply adopting automated cybersecurity posture management. With a fine-tuned cybersecurity posture, organizations can build trust with their customers, protect their sensitive data, and prevent potential negative financial implications caused by cybersecurity breaches.